Happiness is a Place and it is Bhutan

1 01 2019

Guzusangpola!! This is a common Bhutanese greetings for hello, good morning, good afternoon, good evening. Bhutan, the land of the Dragon, is lauded by many as the “happiest country in the world”. Well, the slogan of its national carrier Druk Air (also known as Royal Bhutan Airlines) is “happiness is a place” and of course, the place is Bhutan. It is not difficult to understand why. Bhutan is one of the rare country where the focus is on Gross National Happiness (GNH) instead of GDP. I have watched many travel shows featuring Bhutan with many hosts swearing that they can sense positive energy in this Himalayan country, exclaiming how they found peace and how much they love this country. As a city girl who feel more energized in the bustling cities like London, Paris, Tokyo, New York and Vegas, it puzzled me on why anyone would fall in love with a “county-side country”. But given the big hype in recent years on Bhutan and with family and friends who have travelled there ranting on how much they love this country, I decided to make a visit. Well, this would surely add to my list of countries travelled isn’t it?


For those that have read my previous blogs, you will realized that there are a couple of places that I mentioned I have fell in love with. But I must admit that none of those places are able to compare with Bhutan. Bhutan is indeed magical. From day 1 that I landed in this magical country, I have a special feeling – a warming feeling of peace and happiness, not the usual type but something from within which I find hard to describe. The country feels like a power house of magic, I swear it is more magical than Hogwarts.


The only airlines that can fly into Bhutan is Druk Air. The Paro International Airport, the sole international airport in Bhutan, lies in a deep valley on the bank of Paro River with surrounding peaks as high as 5,500m. It is one of the world’s most challenging airports to land and only 12 pilots have the honor to do so. If so many places that I have flew to, I would say that this is one of the most spectacular landing offering magnificent view of the Himalayas range.




The capital of Bhutan is Thimphu which is around an hour plus drive from Paro. Being the capital, you can sense that it is much busier compared to the other cities in Bhutan. One of the key sights is The Tashiccho Dzong houses the throne of the King of Bhutan and one can see the Royal Palace and the Parliament Building nearby the Dzong. Each city in Bhutan will have its own Dzong. The word dzong evolved from phodrang, which refers to the abode of deities in the Buddhist Canon and is a castle-fortress where part of it is a Buddhist temple and the other part is a Government Office.



Another must-see in Thimphu is the Kurnselphodrang Nature Park with the 169-foot tall bronze Buddha Dordenma Statue offers a panoramic view of the Thimphu Valley.




The National Memorial Chorten is a stupa built by the empress dowager to honour the late 3rd king of Bhutan. It was a great coincidence that I visited when they were having some prayers ceremonies and it was a sight to see tons of Bhutanese and lamas (the monks) were there circling the stupa while chanting and many locals sitting on the around the stupa to get their free meal.





Punakha, about 2.5 hours drive from Thimphu, was the old capital of Bhutan till 1955. Located at a lower elevation of 1,200m, it is much warmer compared to Thimphu and Paro. Here, 2 rivers Pho Chu and Mo Chu meet, which makes the Punakha Dzong the most beautiful Dzong amongst those that I have seen.



Another interesting temple to visit is Chimi Lhakang. This is a temple dedicated to what the Bhutanese called as “The Mad Monk” (which is equivalent to the Chinese “Ji Gong” monk). Legend has it that this monk roamed around Bhutan and performed many miracles including his urine turning into gold! The magical weapon of this monk is called the “Flying Dragon” which looks like the male reproductive organ with a sword. So it is not surprising that this is a pilgrimage site for childless couple and there has been many success stories of couples (including foreigners) getting pregnant after visiting to the temple.



Mid-way through the drive between Thimphu and Paro, you will reach one of the most beautiful pass – the Dochula Pass with the 108 Druk Wangyal Chortens. The chortens was commissioned by the eldest Queen Mother as a memorial in memorial of the soldiers who were killed in December 2003 in the battle between Bhutan and Assamese insurgents from India. From here, one can see the snow-capped Himalayas mountains on a clear day, which my guide said I was extremely lucky to be able to see the whole range so clearly!





Unlike Thimphu, Paro emits a more tranquil and resort-like vibe. As you drive from the city to the airport, you will see the Rinpung Dzong with its beautiful cantilever bridge along Paro River with a seven-stories watchtower fortress (Ta Dzong) which is now the National Museum of Bhutan sitting above the Rinpung Dzong.


Another temple not to miss is the Kyichu Lhakhang, the oldest monastery in Bhutan built in the 7th century. This temple is believed to have been built in 659 by King Songtsen Gampo of Tibet to pin down the left foot of a devil.


The key highlight of the Bhutan trip is the hike up the Tiger’s Nest takes around 2.5 to 3.5 hours (for those with average fitness), with the first 1 to 1.5 hours from the foot to the tea house and the remaining 1.5 to 2 hours from the tea house to the monastery. When asked why the Bhutan Government do not install cable car up the monastery, my guide explained that it is to preserve the environment and also this is a holy site for pilgrimage and the tough journey up signifies that the road to enlightenment is not an easy one and one has to overcome many hardships and obstacles to reach it. It is heartening to see all the visitors trying to encourage one another on the hike up and the guides helping out anyone in need. I find the first part of the hike up to the tea house not too tough, with the biggest challenge being to avoid the horse shit lol. The second part of the hike from the tea house to the start of the stairs where you can see the monastery just on the opposite side of the mountain has a steeper incline though still pretty manageable. The last part is the steps down and then up to the monastery which is the most challenging especially if in rainy or snowy condition. My guide was saying that I was really lucky as it snowed 2 days before my visit and the temple was closed off as it was dangerous to even attempt the flight of stairs. Thankfully the sunny weather has melted away the snow and the monastery re-open to visitors though the last few steps of stairs just before reaching the monastery has a little ice. Regardless of whether you are a Buddhist or a non-believer, the feeling when you finally reach the monastery is magical and if you ask anyone who visited Bhutan, they will surely say that the visit to the Tiger’s Nest monastery is the highlight of their Bhutan trip. The monastery is quite big but make sure you see at least the 3 key sites – (a) the cave in which Guru Rinpoche (also known as Padmasambhava) meditate, (b) the temple with the statute of Guru Rinpoche which survived the fire, and (c) the temple with the relics of Guru Rinpoche’s disciple.


This breathtaking land-locked Himalayan country offers plentiful means to be happy and content. As I catch the last glimpse of this Happy-land, I prayed that I will have a chance to visit this mystical land again in the future.



  1. For non-Indian passport holders, you will need a Visa to enter into Bhutan and will have to book a tour (though it can be a private one) with a tour agency. If you are used to free-and-easy travel, I will recommend that you book a private tour through a local Bhutanese tour agency where you can customize the itinerary. You will get a driver and tour guide throughout the trip. There is a minimum spending of US$250 a day (lesser for off-season) and this amount includes hotel, transport, guide, driver and meals so it isn’t as expensive as it seems. For 1-2 travelers, there will be additional surcharge so it is best to travel with at least 3 pax.
  2. Before landing at Paro Airport, you will be able to see the magnificent clear and unobstructed panoramic view of the entire Himalayan range. Do ask for window seats on the left of the plane when flying into Bhutan for the best view.
  3. April and May is the prettiest time of the year to visit Bhutan where the mountains will be blooming with flowers. November and December are also good too as the days are usually dry and sunny offering clear views.
  4. To visit the Chimi Lhaksang, it is possible to get the car to drive down to the valley at the foot of the temple (there’s a small car park) and from there it is a less than 5 minutes walk up to the temple. Alternatively, many guides will recommend to stop at the top of the valley and you will then walk down the valley through the padi fields and Sopsokha Village, pass the car park and then up to the temple. This walk will take you around 20 minutes but involve some downhill and uphill walk. The walk is not difficult at all and is a good way to see the village.
  5. For the hike up Tiger’s Nest, it is possible to take a horse ride up to the tea house but you will still have to walk the rest of the journey up and all the way down. I will strongly recommend that you walk the whole way as it can be quite dangerous riding the horse. There have been accidents and I have witness an accident where the horse fell and threw off the rider, thankfully the rider was not injured. Also, the locals believe that if you take the horse up, you will give half the merit that you will obtain from hiking to the monastery to the horse and you will find your guide trying to advice you against the horse ride.
  6. No photos are allowed inside any of the monastery. Particularly for the Tiger’s Nest, you will have to leave your bag including your mobile phones outside the monastery (but you can bring your wallet with you). For most of us, leaving our possessions unguarded will make us uneasy but rest assured that your belongings are safe. Theft is very rare as the Bhutanese being Buddhist are strong believer of karma (that you reap what you sow) and will not take what is not theirs.
  7. The Haa Valley and Chele La Pass which is the highest pass in Bhutan and offers view of both there Paro and Haa Valley is also a spectacular place to visit. It’s a pity that I don’t have the time to do so. A good reason to return to Bhutan 🙂
  8. Bhutanese believe that displaying “the 4 friends” at home will create a harmonious home. So you may like to get a painting, or keychain or magnet of “the 4 friends”. Do note that you are allowed to bargain and it may be wise to look around in a few stores before you buy.




Paro: I stayed at Le Meredien Paro and love this hotel. Situated by the river, this beautiful 5 star hotel is outside the city area and thus offer a quiet night (without dogs barking).


Thimphu: Though it does not have the resort feel of Le Meredien Paro, Le Meredien Thimphu is still a nice 5 star hotel in Thimphu for a good night rest.



Punakha: I choose to do a day trip to Punakha from Thimphu which is around 2 hours drive away. Punakha has a more country-side vibe compared to Thimphu and Paro. If you decide to stay in Punakha so that you have time to see more of this old capital, do note that the accommodation is more basic compared to those in Paro and Thimphu.



Bhutanese food is known for its chili and cheese. For a Bhutanese, a typical meal is rice with chili cheese. Given that Bhutan is not as developed as the major cities in many countries, do bring your expectation for food down (though I must say that the meals in Bhutan are quite ok but don’t expect Michelin-star standard). Don’t worry if you don’t fancy spicy food as you will be able to find Chinese and Indian cuisine as well as cafes which offer sandwiches and cakes. Do note that most restaurants serve food in buffet style so you may want to have your meals early otherwise you may only get the leftovers.

The DrukAir flight meals are ok and you have 2 options – vegetarian and non-vegetarian. The breakfast menu from Singapore to Paro (scrambled eggs) is yummy but the dinner on the return flight from Paro (Indian cuisine) can’t compare to even an average Indian restaurant.


Chongqing – A heaven for hot pot lovers

1 05 2018

As a big lover of hot pot, I can’t resist the opportunity to make a “side trip” from Chengdu to the home of hot pot Chongqing. Nestled along the famous Yangtze River, this mountainous city has a pretty unique architecture with the whole city built on the mountainous slope. I knew Chongqing is a mountainous city but unless you visit the city, it is quite hard to visualize what a mountainous city mean. You can enter a building on the ground floor and go up to the 7th floor and yet you are still on street level!

The most iconic landmark in Chongqing is the People’s Liberation Monument (Jiefangbei). Located in central Chongqing, this monument commemorates China’s success during WWII.

Another must-see sight is Ciqikou Old Town (translated as Porcelain Old Town). Away from the city center, the quaint town dates back to the Ming and Qing Dynasties when it served as a port town and commercial center. For those who like to try out some local delicacies and do some shopping, there are many nice small shops in this old town selling food, tea shops, craftwork, clothes and many more.

Many of you may know of the Three Gorges and the controversial Three Gorge Dam that was built which caused many of the towns and monuments along the Three Gorges to be submerged under water. For those interested in understanding more about the project and have a glimpse of what life was before the project, the Three Gorge Museum which is also home to a variety of cultural and artistic pieces is worth a visit.

The night scenery along the Yangtze River is beautiful so don’t miss it. One nice viewing spot is around the Jiefangbie area so why not plan a nice dinner around the area while admiring the night scenery?

Dazu Rock Carvings

If you are an art lover and history buff, the Dazu Rock Carvings about 2 hours drive from Chongqing is a great day trip. Though less magnificent in scale versus the Yungang Grottoes in Shanxi province and Longmen Grottoes in Henan province, the Dazu Rock Carving is much more colourful and less crowded, giving one more opportunity to slowly admire the UNESCO World Heritage site.

Fengdu Ghost City

Chongqing is also the most popular place to start the famous Three Gorges cruise down Yangtze River (also known as the Yangtze River Cruise), taking in sights like Fengdu Ghost City, White Emperor City and Three Gorges and many more. It’s a pity that I didn’t have the time to do the Three Gorges cruise but I managed to squeeze in a trip to Fengdu Ghost City, about 3 over hours drive from Chongqing. This mysterious city has also been one of the place that I yearn to visit since young after I watched a documentary about this city. Legend has it that when one passed away, the spirit will come to this city and undergo three major tests to decide where he/she will go in the afterlife. The locals will tell you that it is wise for the living to come here and familiarize with the route and protocols of netherworld so that one can easily pass the tests and get a good rebirth in the afterlife.

The first test is crossing the Naihe Bridge (translated as “Nothing to be done” Bridge). One has to cross the middle arch of the 3 arches and apparently virtuous people will pass over the bridge without obstacle whereas those that are not will fall into the pool below.

The next test is the Ghost Torturing Pass (Guimengguan) where the dead will report to Yama, the King of Hell, for judgment. Next up is the Tianzi Palace which is located at the center of the whole scenic area. This is where the dead will take the third test where he/she has to stand on the large stone in front of the gate on one foot for three minutes. Apparently, a good person will be able to do it while an evil one will not and will be sent to hell. For those who successfully pass all three tests, they can then go to a tower called Wangxianglou (Tower of the Last Glance at Home) to take once last glance home before taking rebirth.

Given that we have to “leave the netherworld and return to our living world”, we will need to cross back the Naihe bridge on the return route but this time not via the middle arch but via either the Gold or Silver bridges to the left or right of the middle arch. The Gold bridge will give one good wealth/fame and the Silver bridge will give one good health/peace so take a pick on what you want. Well I will say that whatever your beliefs are, this trip is rather fascinating and a good reminder that “good begets good, evil begets evil”. Before I leave the city, I was told that by walking through the Ghost city, I will live to 99 years old according to the local superstition haha. Time will tell if this is true but no matter what, I truly enjoy the whole visit and will strongly recommend this site 🙂

Navigating around:

Taxis in Chongqing run on gas so the boot/trunk is very small and can only fit 2 luggages. So if you have more luggages, you will either need to book a private big car/van or split into 2 taxis.

– It is not easy to go to Dazu Rock Carvings and Fengdu Ghost City via public transport as the places are in smaller counties. The best way to get there is to book a car/driver for the whole day as it is hard to get a taxi from there (I didn’t even see one at the sites).

Other nice side trips

– The Wulong Karst Geological Park is also a nice day trip to go hiking. The breathtaking scenic area with beautiful streams, gorges and limestone formations is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

– Chengdu is just a short train ride away. Check out my blog here.

– Emeishan and Leshan are not too far away too. See my blog here.

– I had not done the Three Gorges cruise. Though many reviews said that it is not as magnificent as before the Three Gorges Dam was built, it is still worth doing it with nice scenery and many historic sites. Make sure you pick a good cruise though as you will be stuck on board for a couple of days.


Do try out for famous Chongqing hot pot but be warn that it is extremely hot and spicy! I will say that I prefer the Chongqing “loud traditional and hot” flavours versus the Chengdu “innovative and spicer” version. Well given that the 2 cities are well connected by high speed train, plan a visit to Chengdu too and try out their hotpot and decide for yourself which one you like 🙂

Where to Stay:

Chongqing is a very big city. It is the most convenient to stay around Jiefangbei area for tourists.