Mt Emei and Giant Buddha Leshan

17 02 2018

Fans or martial arts novels written by Jin Yong will be familiar with the “Emei Sect”. I am one of them and have always fantasize on going up Mt Emei, a beautiful and mysterious mountain located in Sichuan province in China.

Even if you are not a Jin Yong novel fan, Emeishan is also pretty popular destination for nature lovers with its verdant trees, splendid waterfalls, cute but super mischievous monkeys, mysterious sea of cloud and many other beautiful sights. The Golden Summit standing at more than 3000 meters above sea level gives one a magnificent view of the vast plain in the east and the snowy mountains in the west and is famous for the four sights of Emei: the sea of clouds, beautiful sunrise, the holy Buddha rays and the saint lamps.

For Buddhist, this is one of the “Four Sacred Mountains” together with Mt Putuo (which is the holy mountain of Avalokitesvara or Guangyin in Chinese), Mt Jiuhua (which is the holy mountain of Ksitigarbha also known in Chinese as Dizang), and Mt Wutai (which is the holy mountain of Manjusri or in Chinese Wenshu). Throughout the mountain, devotees are seen bribing joss sticks in prayer for good luck, with some devoted pilgrims prostrating with every 3 steps they took up to the Golden Summit. It is not surprising that Mt. Emei was enlisted as one of UNESCO world natural and cultural heritage site.

About an hour from Mt Emei lies another UNESCO World Heritage site – the famous Leshan Giant Buddha. This magnificent 71 meters high Maitreya Buddha statute carved out of a cliff showcase the wisdom and perseverance of ancient people’s wisdom. Legend has it that there were frequent incidents of boats capsizing her and thus Monk Haitong decided to commission this remarkable engineering feat to build this Giant Buddha. Miraculously, after the Buddha was built, boats can travel safely along the river. Divine intervention?

Many visitors can choose to walk from the top to the foot via the plant road with nine turns (Jiuqu Zhandao, 九曲栈道) which has 217 stone steps with the narrowest part only 0.6 meter. The park also has a 170 meters long sleeping Buddha statue, the largest and longest sleeping Buddha statue in the world, the Lingyun Temple located next to the Giant Buddha and Wuyou Temple located near the Buddha feet.


  • Getting to Leshan and Emeishan from Chengdu is easy via the high-speed train. It takes 1 hour to reach Leshan station and another 20 minutes to reach Emeishan station. You will need to take the taxi (or bus) from the station to the Leshan Big Buddha or Emeishan sites. Note that for Emeishan, the sites are not in the city so ensure that the driver drops you in the mountain area and not the city area.
  • To travel between emeisan and Leshan, there is a long distance bus which costs RMB 11 one way. This is the cheapest way to go to Leshan from emei. Once in Leshan, you can then take the taxi to the Big Buddha site. If you take taxi, one way costs between RMB 120 – 150. You may want to arrange for the taxi to pick you up as it can be challenging to get a taxi along the street.
  • If you want to see the full image of the Buddha, the only way is to take the ferry and view from the river. If you go into the Leshan Buddha site, you will be claiming from the top of the Buddha to the legs but will not get the full view. The climb is rather steep with uneven high steps so it is not suitable for elderly.
  • Mt Emei is divided into various scenic areas. The Baoguo Temple area at the foot of the mountain has one of the oldest temple in Mt Emei. Wannian Temple area and the nearby Qingyin Pavilion midway up the mountain has some of the most scenic sights in Emei for nature lovers. The Golden Summit area is a must-see and if you are lucky, you get to see the famous sea of clouds, Buddha light and Saint Lamps.
  • To get to the Golden summit, you need to take the bus from emei tourist center to Leidongping carpark. From Leidongping carpark, it is around 15-20 minutes walk up flights of stairs to the cable car station. Thereafter, it is a short cable car ride up to the summit station. To get to the Golden summit, it is another 10-15 minutes walk up but this is less tiring than the first leg from Leidongping carpark to the cable car station. You can take the sedan chair too if you cannot walk.
  • Temperature at the Golden summit is typically 15-20 degrees lower than at the foot of the hill so be prepared with warm clothes. You can also rent the warm jacket at Leidongping carpark for RMB 30.


  • Most of the food can be found around the Baoguo Temple Food Village area. Majority of the eateries serve Sichuan food. If you can’t take spicy food, you can ask for restaurant to recommend less spicy or no spicy food.

Side trips:

– Why not plan a trip to Chongqing? Take a look at my blog here.

– You will likely come to Emeishan or Leshan from Chengdu. Check out what this city has in store for you here.

Chengdu – The land of the kungfu panda

9 01 2018

What is the first thing that come to your mind when someone mentions China? To me, it is the “real” homeland of Kungfu Panda. Indeed, Sichuan province in China with its bamboo forests is the famously known as the land of the Pandas.

So of course, I can’t miss a visit to the Panda center to see these cute black and white animals. There are a couple of Panda centers, the most convenient one is located in downtown Chengdu. For those traveling to Dujiangyan, the Dujiangyan Panda Base is a good alternative (which is the one that I went). One tip though – the pandas do take afternoon nap so avoid going around noon to early afternoon as they will be sleeping. But it is kind of cute to see them cuddle up and snoring away in their sweet dreams (yes they do snore and pretty loudly lol).

Dujiangyan irrigation system is a must-see if you visit Chengdu. Just around an hour plus drive outside Chengdu, this is one of the UNESCO world heritage site. It is amazing to see how an irrigation system with no dam can be so cleverly built 2,000 years ago and how this still remains in use today.

A short drive from Dujiangyan will bring you to Mt Qingcheng. This mountain is divided into the front side of the mountain and back side of the mountain with the front side famous for the Taoist temples and is the origin site of Taoism, a religion originating from China. The back side of the mountain is famous for its scenic spots and trekking though many drivers are reluctant to drive to the back mountain which is another 2 hours drive from the front mountain.

For those who love Chinese poetry, a visit to the thatched cottage of Du Fu, a famous poet during the Tang Dynasty, is a must see. Du Fu spent three and a half years living in this cottage.

Not far from the cottage is the Jinli Street, which used to one of the busiest commercial streets during the Shu Kingdom some 2000 years ago. The nearby “wide and narrow alley” got its name with its wide alleys and narrow alleys. Now it is lined with many bars. Why not get your ears clean too (if you dare)?

If you have read the famous novel “Three Kingdom”, you will be familiar with Zhu Geliang, the famous wise advisor and Prime Minister to Liu Bei of the Shu Kingdom during the Three Kingdoms period. The Wuhou Temple which is a memorial temple for the famous Zhu Geliang.

Once done with the sightseeing, why not head to Chunxi Road for some shopping? 🙂


– It is very cheap and convenient to travel around Chengdu by taxi or the subway. However, most taxi drivers cannot speak English so if you can’t speak mandarin, get your hotel to write instructions for the taxi driver.

– There is free transport between Wuhou Shrine and Dufu Thatched Cottage. You just need to buy the entrance ticket for the other sight and look for the free transport sign at the entrance.

– The taxis boot have limited space due to the gas tank in the book. You can only put one 29 inch luggage, one 25 inch luggage and a backpack. So you may want to pack light if you are travelling with a group of four.

– Pandas usually take a nap in the afternoon so if you want to see them playing, go in the morning or late afternoon.

– There are a lot of ancient towns around Chengdu such as Huanglongxi ancient town, Pingle ancient town and Luodai ancient town so if you are interested, head to one of them.

Trips from Chengdu:

– Leshan Big Buddha and Ermeishan are just a short train ride from Chengdu (via fast train). Please see my link here.

– Many tours of Jiuzhaigou and Huanglong start from Chengdu so you can plan them into your itinerary too. Note that these places have high attitude so you may want to consult your doctor before going.

– Chongqing is just a few hours train ride away from Chengdu. If you are interested to see the Yangtze River or take the cruise, check out my blog here.


– Sichuan food is well known for its spices (more of “mala” vs hot which makes your taste bud numb). If you cannot take spicy food, ask for mild spice (or no spice). There is one nice (and very cheap) local eatery opposite the Chengdu East Railway station though the waitress may not be able to speak English (the shop name is in the photo below). They do have photos so you can also point to the dish that you like.

– If you visit Dujiangyan and Mt Qingcheng, do try out at the restaurant called 小轩堂(Xiao Xuan Tang).

– You can’t say that you visited Sichuan if you had not taken the mala hotpot. Most hotpot has 2 soups, one spicy and one non-spicy. So for those who can’t take spicy food, you can still join your family/friends in the mala hotpot feast.

The Carefree Traveller’s Book of ABC ~ D is for Datong

8 04 2012

The city of Datong in the Shanxi province in China is just a couple of hours drive from Beijing, the capital of China. The historical city of Datong was the capital of Northern Wei Dyanasty and the “support capital” of Liao and Jin. Being situated at the northern part of China at the bolders of Inner Mongolia, this city used to be the political and military centre of ancient China. The “importance” of Datong can be seen by its numerous historical and cultural relics such as the famous Hanging Temple and Yungang Grottes.

To read more on Datong and the other interesting cities/towns in the Shanxi Province, visit

Shanghai – The city of contrast

2 07 2010

For most first time visitors to China, the first city that they are likely to visit is Shanghai. It is of little wonder why. Shanghai is the financial hub for China and the gateway to the vast Chinese market for many foreign enterprises. For many who may still have the perception that China is generally not very developed, unclean, tourists unfriendly, etc, the modern city of Shanghai seems to provide first timer with the “courage” and some comfort level to set foot on the Land of the Dragons.

Being one of the major transportation hub, I have visited Shanghai numerous times as I enroute to the scenic Jiangnan region and other parts of China. The famous Shanghai Bund, the Oriental Pearl Tower, Xintiandi area offers a modern vibe providing a contrast to the “old Shanghai” feel of Yuyuan, Chenghuan Temple, Old Shanghai Street, Longhua Temple and the Jade Buddha Temple. Regardless of whether you are looking for shopping and a night of partying, or if you are seeking for some cultural immersion, Shanghai will not disappoint you.


– Go up the Oriental Pearl Tower for a nice view of the city.

– Yuyuan and the Chenghuan Temple area has many stalls selling souvenirs and nice local food.

– Taxis are relatively cheap and a fast and more comfortable way to get round the city.

– The Xintiandi area is the trendy hangout area, with nice clubs that you can go partying the whole night.

– The famous Nanjing Road and the Huaihai Road are great shopping districts, with nice shopping malls and boutique shops lining the roads.

– For clothes (or to tailor some), head off to Lujiabang fabric market.

– Shanghai do have a not so glamourous look with its 4 main counterfeits markets namely (i) 580 West Nanjing Road, (ii) Science & Technology Museum Market, (iii) Qipu Road, and (iv) Yu Yuan Gardens. Amongst these 4, 580 West Nanjing Road offers better quality stuff and the Science & Technology Museum Market have less pushy store owners and is the most convenient (right inside the metro station).

– Make a trip to Peace Hotel located along The Bund. If you can afford it, you can choose to stay in this posh hotel. Otherwise, do plan for a meal or some drinks in the hotel, especially the famous Old Jazz Bar.


– Tang Fish Head Pot (at Xuhui District 400 Guilin Road) serves nice fish head pot (like steamboat).

– For dining outside of the touristy area, head off to Tsai’s Kitchen (serves Taiwanese food) at 518 Caoxi Bei Lu, Xuhui district.

– Qian Guo Ju at 1716 Nanjing Xi Road serves nice hot pot.

– Nanxiang Xiao Long Bao at the Yuyuan is always the “hot” favourite amongst visitors. I would say there are nicer xiao long baos at the local eateries but this shop is still a “must-try” for its fame and the view of the Yuyuan while enjoying the food. Do try out the “crab soup baos” which is to be eaten with a straw to suck out the soup. Also, the local appetizer “kao fu” which is braised dried beancurd is one of my favourite Shanghainese dish.

Side trips:-

– Zhouzhuang, a nice little water village with beautiful architecture & little canals is located just outside Shanghai and can be a good day trip, or a good stop on the way from Shanghai to Suzhou.

– Jiangnan region is well known for its nice scenery and the water villages. Famous destinations in Jiangnan include Hangzhou & Suzhou which are just a couple of hours drive from Shanghai. Therefore, Shanghai is usually used as the gateway to tour the other cities in Jiangnan region.

Beijing – Journey back to the Ming & Qing Dynasties

1 05 2010

As a new traveler to China, one of the first few places to visit is usually Beijing. Well known as the historical and cultural city, this city served as the capital city for many dynasties and has continued to be so from the Yuan Dynasty till to-date. Thus, it was little wonder that I was captivated by Beijing since my first trip there in the early 1990s and have made repeated visits to the city thereafter in different seasons (and with the fast development in China, each time I revisited the city, it looks different.

There’s a Chinese saying that if one does not visit the Great Wall of China, one will not be a good man (不到长城非好汉). As one of the wonders of the world, the Great Wall of China has left me speechless. Standing majestically almost horizontally across the whole country, the Great Wall of China is indeed one of the most magnificent architecture of mankind. I have visited various parts of the Great Wall but all during winter – the most frequently visited one is the Badaling portion, but I prefer the Mutianyu part which has less visitors. In winter, the Great Wall is really beautiful, mostly covered with snow. However, if you looking at doing hikes, I will suggest that you visit it during late spring to autumn.For the adventure seeking ones, the Jinshanlin to Simatai hike is the best part of the Great Wall, with little visitors and you can see the fully original wall like it is 500 years ago (I have not tried it but I read reviews that it is really really good but difficult hike, and it is definitely not accessible during winter).

Other must visit places include the Tiananmen Square (with its famous flag raising ceremony everyday in the morning), the Forbidden City (which is the residence of the Ming & Qing Dynasties emperors), Temple of Heaven (where the Ming & Qing emperors prayed to the heaven yearly), Beihai Park (the garden for the emperors),Summer Palace aka Yiheyuan (another garden for the Qing emperors), the Ming Tombs (which is the tombs of the Ming emperors), the famous shopping street of Wangfujing, the famous Qianmen (front gate), the famous Olympic Bird’s nest Stadium and Cubic Swimming Hall, etc. To see the Old Beijing, you can take a Trishaw ride around the “Hutongs” and visit one of the old tea-house for a cup of tea while listening to some Beijing Opera.

Recommended Side Trips:-

– Tianjin, about 1.5 hours drive from Beijing (or only 30 minutes via the high speed railway) is a good day trip. The famous Cultural Street lined with shops with typical Chinese architecture sell many nice souvenirs. A good place to fill your hungry stomach after your shopping “exercise” is the Food Street, which sells many types of traditional local food. Must try in Tianjin is the famous Goubuli bun (literally means “dogs ignore” bun).

– Chengde is another famous side trip from Beijing which is 2 hours drive (make sure you take Jingcheng Expressway as the old route takes 4 hours). It is the summer resort of the Qing Dynasty emperors as it is situated at higher elevations, giving a cooler getaway from the warm summer. The Summer Resort is famous for its scenic beauty, earning the reputation of incorporating all the nice sceneries “under the sun” in one park. The Eight Outer Temple surrounding the resort is also a “must visit” attraction. An overnight stay is required for Chengde (the hotels are fine but definitely not as good as those in Beijing so don’t expect too much). Best time to visit is of course in summer as the name “summer resort” suggest. I did the most “amazing” thing of visiting this place in winter many years back (I must say it’s not at my choice), and there’s only 1 word to describe it, COLD!

Must Eat:-

– Beijing Roast Duck is a must-eat. Try the Quanjude restaurant at Qianmen. This is the original shop and the most famous one. I know there are many not so good reviews of this restaurants but I like the food. Also, I think it is unfair to compare it with the other more upmarket Chinese restaurants as this old restaurant is a piece of Beijing’s history so I will still recommend this place.

– Do try out imperial court cuisine, which is the style of food served to the Emperor and his court. The Fangshan Restaurant in Behai Park is the most famous one. It was opened in 1925 by the former Qing Dynasty imperial chefs to “Fangshan” (meaning to imitate the imperial court cuisine in mandarin). I love the ambience in the restaurant and the presentation of the food is also a treat to the eyes.

– Have a cup of tea at one of the old tea-house while listening to some Beijing Opera, my favorite being the “Lao She Tea House” at Building 3, Qianmen Xidajie.

Zhujiang Delta Tour (Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Pangyu, Zhuhai, Macau)

14 03 2010


Shenzhen is just an hour train ride from Hong Kong. I found it a nice shopping place as things are cheaper than in Hong Kong. However, there is not much of sightseeing in Shenzhen. The only place that I visted was the Window of the world, which is a fantastic replica park situated at the Overseas Chinese Town. Here you can see the vivid replicas of the world’s wonders. It’s a nice park for photo taking but apart from that, there’s nothing much.


3 hours drive from Shenzhen, you would reach Guangzhou, the capital city of Guangdong Province. I love the Shang Xia Jiu Bu Jie (literally meaning up down 9 steps Shopping Street but it is a long long street) which offers great shopping (better than Shenzhen). If you like, can also took this Zhujiang cruise to view the night scenery. One thing to note is that many hotels do not have heater so during winter season can be pretty cold so do bring pullover to wear to sleep. Otherwise, avoid winter.


Pangyu has this Yuyinshanfang, which is famous for its unique and elegant Garden art and there’s a big Goddess of Mercy that you can see there (quite similar to the big one in Hainan Island). It’s kind of a good place to stopover for a night if you are travelling between Guangzhou and Shenzhen.


Zhuhai is a nice city by the sea, famous for its Mermaid Statue (called the fish girl). In terms of sightseeing, there’s nothing much (most sights are near the Mermaid Statute). However, it is a great place to shop, I feel much better than Guangzhou and Shenzhen. Oh, one must do in Zhuhai is to eat the seafood! Really cheap and nice! If you plan to visit Macau, you can consider a day trip to Zhuhai (only need to cross the bridge and clear customs).


Macau is accessible via a short walk from Zhuhai, just need to cross the bridge. Things to see are the famous St.Paul’s Church, Guia Fortress, Chapel of Shengmuxue, Senado Square, A-Ma Temple, and Macau Tower. For those who want to try their luck, there are so many casinos there, including the nice Venitian (but warn you it is pretty far from the main macau). Must try the Portuguese tart and other Portuguese food and buy the almond biscults!

Beautiful Zhangjiajie, Fenghuang Ancient Town, Shaoshan & Changshan

9 01 2010

I have always wanted to visit the imfamous “Ten Miles Gallery”. So, I have decided to spend my last few days of 2008 till the beginning of 2009 in Zhangjiajie, a scenic place in China Hunan province with a friend. This is really one of the most scenic trip that I have been on…. to top it off, it SNOWED!!!


Flew from Singapore to Xiamen and transit domestic flight to Changsha, a city in the Hunan Province. From Changde, we coached around 4 hours to Zhangjiajie. The day that I arrived in Zhangjiajie was a rainy day and tour guide recommended that we first visit the Longwang Cave (Dragon King Cave), regarded as one of the biggest and oldest caves in China. The cave is pretty interesting. I still recalled that I was freezing outside the cave (it was winter and the temperature drops to only a few degrees celsius plus the wet weather). But once I step into the cave, it was so warm! The cave was lighted with various coloured lights and we are able to see nice rocks formation.

The next morning, the rain has stopped and we tooked a nice boat ride on the tranquil Lake of Baofeng at Suoxiyu Valley (and its waterfall), the highest lake in Hunan. As we are worried the good weather might not last, we decided to ascend Mt Tianzishan while the weather is good. The cable car ride up Tianzishan was like a ride into a fairyland. Mt Tianzishan is noted for its stone forests, cloud seas, twilight and winter snow. We are indeed lucky that it started to snow when we are on top of Mt Tianzishan! The green pine trees with white snow created an extremely beautiful painting. From Tianzishan, we proceeded to Helong Park, Xihai, and Yuanjiajie, famous for the First Bridge under Heaven and Back Garden. Thereafter, we took the fastest and highest lift called the Bailongdianti back down.

The next day, the snowing continued as we toured Huiangshizai, followed by China’s first National Forest Park. Highlight of this tour included the Legendary Golden Whip Stream (Jinbian Stream), with numerous impressive sights along the stretch of 5km stream. Thereafter, we visited the imfamous Ten Mile Scenic Drawing Corridor to explore the picturesque gallery of mountain and river sceneries.

Before we left Zhangjiajie, we made a last stop to Tianmenshan, which can only only be accessed via a 40 minutes cable car ride from the Zhangjiajie city. Tianmenshan, meaning the Heavenly Gate Mountain, is famous for a special “Heavenly Gate”, which is a very big whole on one of its peak. The route up to the Heavenly Gate is called the “Road to Heaven”, which is a super winding road. It was snowing very heavily when we ascended and the top of the mountain was covered with thick snow. Due to this, we were unable to ride on the “Road to Heaven” änd can only see the Heavenly Gate from afar. But still, it was pretty nice having snow fights, making snowman and playing with the snow at the top of the mountain.

Fenghuang (Phoenix) Ancient Town

After Tianmenshan, we started our long journey to Fenghuang Ancient Town. Enroute (about 3 hours), we stopped at Furong Town. It used to be named Wangcun Village untill a famous movie entitled Furong Town was filmed here. From Furong town, we coached another 5 hours before we reached Fenghuang Ancient Town. It was the night of 31 December 2008. The tiring journey, with winding roads was all worth it. This ancient town is so beautiful! As it was New Year’s Eve, a lot of people were gathering at the river to put water lights for good blessing for the coming year. Needless to say, I did that too!

Happy New Year 2009! We started off with a sumptous breakfast of bao and noodles at a road side store (the hotel did not give a good breakfast so the tour guide decided to forgo the hotel breakfast and brought us to the road side store). After which, we proceeded to visit Fenghuang Ancient Town. The ancient town is exquisite
and delicate and has witnessed great changes in history. Inside, there are ancient stone lanes, the unique suspension houses of Tu and Miao tribe and view the Ancient city wall. I would say Fenghuang is really one of the nicest Ancient Town that I have visited.


From Fenghuang, we took the newly opened expressway to Changde, which took only 5 hours. From there, we coached to Shaoshan where the late leader of China, Mao Ze Dong, was born and grew up. We visited the Mao’s Family home, Mao’s bronze statue and Mao’s Memorial Hall.


From Shaoshan, it took another 3 hours to reach Changsha, the capital city of Hunan Province. Changsha is famous for the Yuelushuyuan, an anxient school at the foor of Mt Hengshan, Mawangdui Museum (the tomb where you can see the real corpse of a thousand years old lady) and Hunan embroidery (Xiangxiu). We went to this place called “Fire Palace” for dinner and I would say the food is really nice. Do try out the smelly tofu (it’s not smelly at all) and the boba (a sweet glutinous rice ball) and the spicy Hunan cruine. At night, do take a walk at the commercial walking street.

I would say this was the most memorable trip. Zhangjiajia and Fenghuang are indeed places worth visiting!

Jiangxi & Huangshan

14 04 2009

After hearing so much on the beauty of Mt Huangshan, I decided to make a trip to Huangshan with ASA Holidays.

Took China Eastern from Singapore to Shanghai (I hate to fly with the Chinese airlines but I don’t have a choice as I need domestic transfer and to purchase domestic air tickets on its own is really very ex). The whole trip started off in a not so fantastic note. The flight to Shanghai was delayed for a couple of hours. The worst thing is that ASA did not notify all of us on the flight delay. So, the whole tour was at the airport at the stipulated timing, only to discover to our horrors that the flight is only taking off at 7pm! Worse thing is that ASA did not even apologise for not informing us, and keep saying they also don’t know. C’mon, everything also don’t know. Yeah right, only God would know!!!

After much waiting and waiting, the flight finally took off. Due to the delay, we reach our hotel in Shanghai around 2 am…. and we have a morning call at 4 am as we need to catch a 7am flight to Nanchang in Jiangxi….. AArrhhhhhhh!!!! Less than 2 hrs of sleep!!!

When we reached Nanchang, the provincial of Jiangxi, we proceeded to see the Bayi square, built in memory of the 1 Aug Nanchang uprising, and the Teng Wang Pavilion, one of the 3 most famous pavilions in south of Yangtze River.

Overseeing Teng Wang Pavilion:-

After this, we drove 3 hours to Jingdezhen, the capital of porcelain, and rest there for the night.

The next day, we went to Wuyuan village, an hour drive from Jingdezhen. Wuyuan is known as the most beautiful countryside in China. During our stay in Wuyuan, we visited the Xiaoqi village, Likeng village, and the famous Rainbow Bridge. The Rainbow Bridge is really very nice and I love it there. However, I found the other villages so so, maybe because we have missed the flower seasons by 2 weeks, otherwise the villages would look really nice with yellow flower fields.

Rainbow Bridge

The Qiaoqi Village

After touring Wuyuan, we proceeded to Tunxi, located the foot of Mt Huangshan. In Tunxi ancient street, we happened to bum into an Chinese Communist Party official from Beijing. There were so many reporters, body guards, police, and the whole street was so crowded. We also visited tte hsee Country, famous for the complex of Tangyue Archways and the Xuguo Archway, the only eight-posted archway in China.

Tangyue Archways:-

The next day, we went up to Mt Huangshan. I would say Mt Huangshan is a disappointment for me. It looks like Zhangjiajie which I went in end December/January, but I find Zhangjiajie nicer (maybe because of the snow in Zhangjiajie). We visited BeiHai Scenic Area, the Shixing Peak, and the Xihai Scenic Area. Sad to say, we did not have the luck to see the imfamous sea of cloud.. hiaz….

From Huangshan, we went to Jiuhuashan and visited the Yueshan Previous Hall, the Baishui Gong and some smaller temples there. I actually preferred Putuoshan and Wutaishan as compared to Jiuhuashan. Somehow, the other 2 places seem nicer to me.

From Jiuhuashan, we drove to Hefei where we took a domestic flight back to Shanghai. I love Shanghai, even though a lot of my friends dislike this city. My aunt and her family drove us around Shanghai, visiting their apartment, the local markets and of course, eating & shopping!!! hahahaha, there’s much for me to say except that I ate a lot, and shopped a lot. I came back with a lot of stuff, including something which I don’t really want (which is my weight gain)!

On the whole, I rank this trip the worst of all my China trip, worst in terms of tour agency and sightseeing. Hmmm, maybe I have seen too much of China that’s why?

Shanxi – In search of Duke of Mt Deer

14 10 2007

Since watching the Duke of Mount Deer, I always wish that one day I could visit the infamous Wutaishan where it was rumoured that the Qing Dynasty Emperor Shun Zi (Emperor Kang Xi’s father) went to become a monk. So, mid of April this year, I decided to fulfil my long time wish and planned my own trip to Shanxi province in China (where Wutaishan is situated).

There is no direct flight to Shanxi so I have to fly to Beijing and took a domestic flight to Datong, a city in Shanxi. As the domestic flight is early the next morning, I took the opportunity to walk around Beijing, a place where I have not visited for the last 10 years. I revisited the Temple of Heaven, the venue for worshipping the heaven and pray for good harvest in the Ming and Qing dynasty. Other places that I went included a pleasant walk along Wangfujing Street, Tiananmen Square, Main Stadium and Olympic Village for Beijing Olympic 2008, the Hutongs and local old Siheyuan Houses.


Very early the next morning (I have to woke up at 4 am!!!), I went to the airport to catch my early 7 am flight to Datong, the northern city in Shanxi. It is one of the 24 historical and cultural cities in China, neighboring Hebei Province to the east and Inner Mongolian to the north. This place used to be considered as the barbarian place and part of Mongolia as it was located outside the Great Wall beyond the Yanmen Pass.

The Yungang Grottoes (Cloud Ridge Caves) in the outskirts of Datong is a treasure trove of Buddhist carvings unrivaled in the world with a variety of more than 51,000 statues. Yungang Grottoes, together with Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang, Dunhuang Grottoes and Maijishan Grottoes in Gansu, are considered as the Four Greatest Buddha Grottoes in China.

I also visited the original Jiulongbi (Nine-dragon sacreen) built in Ming Dynasty in front of the mansion of Ming Emperor Taizu. The Qing royalties loved it so much that a relica of the masterpiece was erected in the Imperial Palace and Beihai in Beijing. Other famous structural buildings of the Liao Dynasty include the Huayen Temple and Shan Hua Temple.

The next day, on my way to Wutaishan, I dropped by Xuankong Si (Hanging Monastery) at Mt.Hengshan. Built precariously on sheer cliffs above Jinlong Canyon, the monastery dates back more than 1400 years. Its halls and pavilions were built along the contours of the cliff face using the natural hollows and outcrops. It is really a great architecture work and I wonder how the workers managed to build such a temple hanging on Mt Hengshan in ancient times where technology is not that advance. Before reaching Wutaishan, I made one last stop at Yingxian Wooden Pagoda, the biggest wooden pagoda in China. It was built by Empress Xiao of the Liao Dynasty (the Liao Empress in the show “The Yang Warriors”).


The scenic ride to Wutaishan (Five-terrace Mountain) from Yingxian took around 3 hours. When I almost reach Wutaishan, the driver suddenly asked me to see the snow. I initially thought he was joking, but no, it was really snowing!!! The other name of Wutaishan is called Qing Liang Shan meaning Cool Mountain, where the temperature at the mid of summer is no more than 20 degree Celsius. The mountain is said to be the most beautiful during winter season as it would be covered wholly in white snow. But few people have the guts to visit it in winter due to the extremely cold temperature and also the roads up and down the mountain would be block by snow. Hence, I was overjoyed at the sight of snow falling. I have expected the mountain to be cooling at this time, but I have not expected to see snow as this is coming to the end of spring!

Centered on the beautiful monastic village of Taihuai, it is one of China’s four sacred Buddhist Mountains. It lies deep in an alpine valley enclosed by the five peaks. I visited a number of temples in Mt Wutai, including Xiantong Temple, Tayuan Temple, and Fo Mu Cave. However, the most scenic view was at the peak of southern terrace, as well as the Dailuo Peak. At the top of these 2 places, I really feel like I am at the top of the world (but there’s a price to pay, which is the freezing sensation!)

Taiyuan & Hongdong

After spending a couple of days climbing up and down in Wutaishan, I left the place and went to other parts of Shanxi. I visited the Jinci Temple in Taiyuan, the capital of Shanxi province. Jinci Temple is a combination of historical cultural relics (the place where the Zhou Dynasty Emperor commemorate his mother) and beautiful landscapes and is known as a little Jiangnan in Shanxi.

About 2 hour drive from Taiyuan is the Qiao Family Compound. Built in 1755 (Qing Dynasty), this well-preserved and exquisite structure used to be the residence of Qiao Zhiyong, who was a famous businessman during the Qing dynasty. Now it is reputed as a bright pearl of North China’s residential architecture. It was used to film the popular movie “Dahong Denglong Gao Gao Kua” (Hang the Red Lanterns High).

In Hongdong, I visited the Big Chinese Sholar tree (the place where it was believed that our ancestors came from) and Susan Prison, a Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644 AD) construction and the earliest surviving prison still in China.


Yuncheng, located at the most southern part of Shanxi, was the place where Guangong (the famous red face character in the romance of the 3 kingdoms) was born. I have visited the Guangong Temple in Luoyang, where Guangong’s head was buried. That’s why when the driver suddenly asked me if I was interested to make a trip to Yuncheng, I immediately said yes. I would say the long 4 plus hours of journey from Linfen is worth it as the temple, being in his hometown, is the most respected Guangong Temple in China.


After the visit, I went back to Linfen and visted the Yao Temple, an important cultural relic with more than 1400 years history. It has been the place for people to offer sacrifice to Emperor Yao in different dynasties.

The journey to the Hukou Waterfall from Linfen is a tiring journey along winding mountain roads and bumpy roads. I almost felt as if I am back in India when I travelled on this kind of road!!! But when I see the Hukou Waterfall, all my grievances about the journey were gone. The sight was spectacular. I understand from a local guide that when the Yellow River runs all the way from Qinghai Province to the border of Shanxi and Shaanxi provinces, zigzagging to Jixian in Shanxi Province and Yichuan in Shaanxi Province, it suddenly finds it way through a narrow valley guarded by flocks of flourishing forests on both sides. The riverbed of the Yellow River narrows from 300m to 50m, turning the tranquil river into a turbulent one. It is this narrow path that makes Hukou Waterfall popularity unequalled in China. The tremendous water splashes on the rocks, causing countless waterbeads and foam, then water funs from which visitors may notice a colourful rainbow by chance. The water fumes curl upwards, turning from yellow to grey, grey to blue, which people call “smoke from the river”. I went down to the bottom of the waterfall also which is called Long Gong (or the dragon palace) and got myself all wet from the Yellow River water rushing down the waterfall!!! It was really a fun experience :=P


My last stop at Shanxi was at Pingyao Ancient City. It was built in 1370 AD during the Ming dynasty. Though it had been repaired in Ming and Qing dynasty, it has kept the original look of the early Ming dynasty. I visited the Rishengchang Financial House Museum, the Ancient Qing and Ming Street, and the Gu Xian Ya (Yamen in Old China).

I transferred from Taiyuan back to Beijing to catch my flight back to Singapore. While waiting for my flight in Beijing (which is at midnight), I spent my time visiting the Ming Tombs and the Summer Palace, also known as Yiheyuan, and enjoyed the Beijing roast duck at Chuan Ju De, the famous roast duck store in Beijing. Apart from the incident in Pingyao, I would say that my whole Shanxi/Beijing trip is really fun and enjoyable. I got a taste of what a Ke Zhang (a shop in ancient days that people slept overnight) living is and experience sleeping on a Kang in the Ke Zhang in Pingyao. Anyone interested to go there again? I can pass to you my itinerary.


– One important thing about Shanxi is that the hotels might not have currency exchange counter and it is rather difficult to change Chinese Yuan in this province. So, if you intend to buy things, remember to bring more Yuan there, as a lot of places don’t accept VISA or Mastercard.

– Caution for travellers to Pingyao: the local guide is not very honest and conned us into entering a building where we are forced to see our fortune. And the worst part is that they refuse to let people leave if you don’t pay up for their “service”. So beware!

– The road to Hukou waterfall from Shanxi is rough, but much much better than Shaanxi (if you are travelling from Xian). Hence, I will suggest that you visit the waterfall with Shanxi trip (and it’s nicer over this side).

Shangdong, Henan, Shanghai

17 04 2007

Time flies, and a year passed by from my last trip to China. This year, I decided to return to China (yet again). I have chosen Shandong & Henan for this year trip and would transit in Shanghai and stayed 3 days there.

On 12 April 2006, I took a night flight to Shanghai and was over-joyed by the upgrade to business class by SIA. As the seat was very spacious, I had quite a good rest on the flight and arrived in Shanghai fresh at 6 am on 13 April. After arrival in Shanghai, I took an internal flight to Qingdao, the most eastern city in Shandong, famous for its “green sea and blue sky”.


Qingdao left me with wonderful memories, with its beautiful cherry blossoms and seaview, and its sumptous seafood delights. The weather here is also extremely cooling, with temperature averaging around 13 degrees C.

Upon arrival at Qingdao around 2 pm, we went to Mt Laoshan, located at the east of Qingdao, one of China’s famous Taoism centers known as “The Home of Fairies”. Here, I visisted the Taiqinggong Temple, where the Quanzhen sect resides. After reading so much on the Quanzhen sect from the martial arts novel written by Louise Chiu, I finally get to see what the real Quanzhen sect really is.

The next day, I indulged in the colourful cherry blossom and tullips at Zhongshan Park – a spectacular sight of a lifetime. The sakura is said to be “imported” from Japan during Japanese occupation many years ago. The sight of the “sakura walkway” really makes me feel like I am in Japan!

Afterwhich, I visted the huashilou (flower stone villa), one of the villa at Badaguan (translated into English as the Eight-passes because it is where 8 foreign embassies used to be located), a villa district with impressive architecture and the German Governor Residence. I also visted the Xiaoyushan (Little-Fish Hill) and the Little Qingdao (an island off Qingdao which offers 360 degrees view of Qingdao) and also enjoy refreshing beer at Qingdao beer brewery.


On my way from Qingdao to Jinan, I made a short stop at a little town called Weifang. This town is well-known as the hometown of kites. Here, I learnt more about the art of kite flying at Yangjiafu Folklore Grand View Garden and how kites were made.


After around 2 hours journey from Weifang, I stopped again at Linzi (also known as Zi Bou), a small city in Shandong. Linzi is the capital of the ancient Qi, a country during the sping-autumn dynasty in China. Here is most worthwhile stop in my whole trip and I learnt a great deal of the history of Qi in the Qi historical museum. I also visted a burial site of the King of Qi, which is similar to the Terra Cotta Warrior and Horse Figurine in Xian, except that the horses buried here are REAL horses. I can still see the remains of the horses (see picture).


After 2 hours ride, I arrived at Jinan, the capital of Shandong Province, well-known for its Daming (Gleaming Brightness) Lake, a natural Lake originating from the Spring of Pearl, Spring of Furong and Pool of Wangfu located in the city area. I enjoyed a scenic cruise on the lake and stopped at an island in the middle of the lake, where the Qing emperor, Qianlong, is said to reside there for sometime (where the novel “Huan Zhu Ge Ge” started).

I was also fascinated by the spectacular Baotu (Leaping) Spring and Heihu (Black Tiger) Spring in Jinan, which had been commended by Emperor Qianlong as the the number one spring in China. Many Chinese were gathering at the springs to collect water for their consumption (said to be good for one’s health and able to cure diseases), which my tour guide said was a common sight. But he warned us from consuming the spring water as we might not be used to the minerals in there.


My trip also entails the climbling of Mt. Taishan, which ranks first among China’s five sacred mountains. Legend has it that this mountain is the head of Pangu, an ancient god which created heaven and earth and this is the place where ancient emperors made prayers to heaven in the hope of a prosperous year ahead. At the summit of Daiding, one can enjoy the four magnificent sights: the sunrise, sunset, the golden river and the sea of cloud. As it was Sunday, the peak was filled with many people, mostly the Chinese. The climb was tiring, especially the coming down part as the wind is very strong and keeps pushing me sideways. I saw the Nantianmen and climbed all the way to the peak of Taishan (at 1545m), where Yuwangdian (the emperor of heaven) is located.


Departing Taian, i moved on the Qufu, the hometown of Confucius. The Confucian temple, one of the 3 maginifant structures in China (which includes the Taihe Dian in the Forbidden City, the the Dai Temple) is dedicated to worship the great Teacher, Confucius. The Confucian Mansion is the place where the descendants of Confucius used to live. And the Confucian Woods is the burial place of Confucius and his descendants. Here, I get to appreciate confucianism, the teachings of Confucius, which is aimed to cultivate oneself so that one can managed one’s household and serve one’s country.

Peony in Heze & Luoyang

My last stop in Shandong is Heze, home of peony, known previously as Caozhou in the olden days. Here, I marveled the beautiful peony in a vast peony nursery. An ancient Chinese saying goes like this: The best peony is in Louyang and Louyang’s best peony is in Caozhou. Heze has a long history of cultivating the more than 600 varieties of peony.

However, it might be due to the temperature, but the peony at Luoyang in Henan province seems to blossoms more beautifully.


Departing the Shandong province, I moved to Kaifeng, a city in Henan province, which had been served as the capital for seven dynasties. Believe most people would know Kaifeng, where the impartial judge with a black face, Bao Gong, resides. I visted the Longting (Dragon) Pavilion, which was built in the Qing Dynasty, and the infamous Tieta (Iron) Pagoda bearing fine sculpture on its wall.

Found to the northwest of the city, the Dragon Pavilion is a palatial hall built on a thirteen-meter-high marble terrace. During the Song and Jin dynasties, this was the site of imperial palaces. In the Ming period, an official’s residence complete with garden was constructed. A pavilion was added during the reign of Guangxu (1672). Inside the pavilion are enshrined the emperor’s tablets. Two dragons playing with a pearl are carved on a plaque on the pavilion, hence the name, Dragon Pavilion. It became an important place for local and official ceremonies and festivities. Another hall was added during the reign of Qing Yongzheng. From the hall, a five minute walk will bring you to Wuchao Gate, the site of the imperial palace of the Song Dynasty. The road leading to Wuchao Gate, is surrounded by a blue clear lake. The western lake is called “Lake of Family Yang” and the eastern called “Lake of Family Pan”. Both families are renowned in the Song period. It was rumoured that the western lake (the Yang lake) was clear whereas the eastern lake (the Pan late) was cloudy in the past, indicating the Yang’s loyalty and honesty and the Pan’s treachery.

The Iron Pagoda was set up in 1049 AD, Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), given another name ” Pagoda of Youguo Temple” and was built to consecrate the Buddhist Remains of the Sakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism (the former prince in India). The Iron Pagoda experienced many disasters such as wars, floods, and earthquakes in the past. Although the foundation has been ruined, the main body of Iron Pagoda still stands in Kaifeng and ranks the most famous pagoda in China. And 1, 000 years has passed, everything presents a new face including Kaifeng (it is no longer the capital city of Song Dynasty). But, the Iron Pagoda is still the top pagoda in China. So, this is the only structure in Kaifeng that exist since Song Dynasty! The tieta (Iron Pagoda), which resembles the Tower of Pisa with its slanting look, is not really made of iron. In fact, it was once a wooden pagoda, designed by Yuhao, a most famous architect in Song Dynasty, but the original pagoda was ruined by lightning. The pagoda was subsequently rebuilt and brown tiles are used which makes the pagoda looks like iron under sunlight thus gotten the name “Tieta”.


The TV show, Shaolin Temple, flimed many years ago brought fame to this temple located in one of the 5 scared hills of China known as the middle hill, Songshan. Here, I visited the temple and the padagos of the deceased monks (where most martial arts show of Shaolin is filmed). The trip to Shaolin Temple is completed with a display of Shaolin Wushu, which almost made me breathless with the monks capability to break metal plates with their heads, suck a bowl with their stomache (and none of us is able to pull it off), and so on.



After visiting Shaolin Temple, I travelled for 3 hours to reach Luoyang, another ancient city along the Yellow River. Here, I visted the Longmen Grottes, the white horse temple, the Luoyang peony and Guan Forest.


Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang , Yungang Grottoes in Shanxi Datong and Mogaoku Grottoes in Gansu Dunhuang are called three grottoes artistic treasure-house in China and famous in the world. Longmen Grottoes was started to build from the year of Xiaowendi Taihe 18(494 A.D.), lasted about 400years and passed many dynasties. Its building time is the longest and the project is the largest among all cultural relics. There are 100,000 images of Buddha and 3600 pieces of inscription kept undamaged among 2000 caves,about 40 Buddiha Towers. Longmen Grottoes was distributed mainly in the cliff of Longmen hill and Xiang hill in two sides of Yi river, Luoyang suburbs, it is about 1000 metres long. Fengxian temple, with the 17.14meter high grand buddha, is the largest and typical open stone inscription art.

The white horse temple is the “Grandfather of the Temples” as it is the first buddhist temple in China. It is said that King Yongping of Eastern Han Dynasty (25 ~ 220A.D.) sent monks Cai Yin and Cai Jing to India to ask for scriptures of Buddhism. Three years later, they got the scriptures. During the return trip, they met monks She Moteng and Zhu Falan near the north of Afghanistan. The year after they returned, a temple was built to keep those scriptures. As the two monks used a white horse helped them transport the scriptures back to Luoyang, the temple is thus named White Horse Temple. There are a pair of white horses and a pair of lions at the gate of the temple. They symbolize “if you are going to study the deep knowledge of Buddhism, you should have a great deal of perseverance and willpower, and you shouldn’t be afraid of difficulties”. They have been standing at the gate and accompanying the temple for more than a thousand years.

Located 7 km south of Luoyang is the Lord Guan (alias Guan Yu)’s Forest. The forest consists of hundreds of ancient pine and plum trees; this is a famous view of Luoyang. Guan Yu is one of the heros in the Three Kingdoms period, having brotherhood ties with Liu Bei (the king of Shu) and Zhang Fei. The temple of Guan Yu was originally built in Tang Dynasty. The temple we see today was built in Ming and Ch’ing Dynasty. Behind the Lord Guan’s Forest, there is the tomb of Guan Yu. Legend said that people buried his head (which was cut down by the king of Wu, Sun Quan in his attempt to push the blame to Cao Cao, the king of Kui) in the tomb. The tomb is 20 meters high, with characters saying “the Tomb of Guan Yun Chang, the Shou Ting Hou of Han Dynasty” carved on the tomb inscription.


There’s a Chinese saying, “One’s heart would not die unless one reaches the Yellow River.” The Yellow River is seen as the mother river of Han-Chinese as it was historically recorded that early civilisation of Han-Chinese originated around the Yellow River. Here, I enjoyed a Yellow River cruise on board of a hovercraft, which includes a stop at a partially dried river bed in the middle of the Yellow River.


After visiting Shandong and Henan provinces, I returned to Shanghai and stayed 3 days there. I visted my auntie and her family there and have fun with my 2 little cousins. There, I also visted the Longhua temple, the oldest temple in Shanghai, which I missed out in my previous 2 trips there. The most memorable part in Shanghai is my cousin’s birthday celebration, and he was so touch that we flew all the way there to celebrate his birthday 🙂

Anyway, this trip to Shandong/Henan/Shanghai left me with wonderful memories and I wish for the chance to be able to visit these places again sometime.